Dostoevsky, on the Fall: “I . . . corrupted them all!”

[From Fyodor Dostoevsky’s “The Dream of a Ridiculous Man,” The Eternal Husband and Other Stories (New York: Bantam Books, 1997), translated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky, continuing on p. 295, with section V . . .]

V

Yes, yes, it ended with me corrupting them all!  How it could have happened I don’t know, but I remember it clearly. The dream flew through thousands of years and left in me just a sense of the whole.  I know only that the cause of the fall was I.  Like a foul trichina, like an atom of plague infecting whole countries, so I infected that whole happy and previously sinless earth with myself.  They learned to lie and began to love the lie and knew the beauty of the lie.  Oh, maybe it started innocently, with a joke, with coquetry, with amorous play, maybe, indeed, with an atom, but this atom of lie penetrated their hearts, and they liked it.  Then sensuality was quickly born, sensuality generated jealousy, and jealousy – cruelty . . .  Oh, I don’t know, I don’t remember, but soon, very soon, the first blood was shed; they were astonished and horrified, and began to part, to separate.  Alliances appeared, but against each other now.  Rebukes, reproaches began.  They knew shame, and shame was made into a virtue.  The notion of honor was born, and each alliance raised its own banner.  They began tormenting animals, and the animals withdrew from them into the forests and became their enemies.  There began the struggle for separation, for isolation, for the personal, for mine and yours.  They started speaking different languages.  They knew sorrow and came to love sorrow, they thirsted for suffering and said that truth is attained only through suffering.  Then science appeared among them.  When they became wicked, they began to talk of brotherhood and humaneness and understood these ideas.  When they became criminal, they invented justice and prescribed whole codices for themselves in order to maintain it, and to ensure the codices they set up the guillotine.  They just barely remembered what they had lost, and did not even want to believe that they had once been innocent and happy.  They even laughed at the possibility of the former happiness and called it a dream.  They couldn’t even imagine it in forms and images, but – strange and wonderful thing – having lost all belief in their former happiness, having called it a fairy tale, they wished so much to be innocent and happy again, once more, that they fell down before their hearts’ desires like children, they deified their desire, they built temples and started praying to their own idea, their own “desire,” all the while fully believing in its unrealizability and unfeasibility, but adoring it in tears and worshipping it.  And yet, if it had so happened that they could have returned to that innocent and happy condition which they had lost, or if someone had suddenly shown it to them again and asked them: did they want to go back to it? – they would certainly have refused.  They used to answer me:

Granted we’re deceitful, wicked, and unjust, we know that and weep for it, and we torment ourselves over it, and torture and punish ourselves perhaps even more than that merciful judge who will judge us and whose name we do not know.  But we have science, and through it we shall again find the truth, but we shall now accept it consciously, knowledge is higher than feelings, the consciousness of life is higher than life.  Science will give us wisdom, wisdom will discover laws, and knowledge of the laws of happiness is higher than happiness.

That’s what they used to say, and after such words each of them loved himself more than anyone else, and they couldn’t have done otherwise.  Each of them became so jealous of his own person that he tried as hard as he could to humiliate and belittle it in others, and gave his life to that.  Slavery appeared, even voluntary slavery: the weak willingly submitted to the strong, only so as to help them crush those still weaker than themselves.  Righteous men appeared, who came to these people in tears and spoke to them of their pride, their lack of measure and harmony, their loss of shame.  They were derided or stoned.  Holy blood was spilled on the thresholds of temples.  On the other hand, people began to appear who started inventing ways for everyone to unite again, so that each of them, without ceasing to love himself more than anyone else, would at the same time not hinder others, and thus live all together in a harmonious society, as it were.  Whole wars arose because of this idea.  At the same time, the warring sides all firmly believed that science, wisdom, and the sense of self-preservation would finally force men to unite in a harmonious and reasonable society, and therefore, to speed things up meanwhile, the “wise” tried quickly to exterminate all the “unwise,” who did not understand their idea, so that they would not hinder its triumph.  But the sense of self-preservation quickly began to weaken, proud men and sensualists appeared who directly demanded everything or nothing.  To acquire everything, they resorted to evildoing, and if that did not succeed – to suicide.  Religions appeared with a cult of nonbeing and self-destruction for the sake of eternal peace in nothingness.  Finally, these people grew weary in meaningless toil, and suffering appeared on their faces, and these people proclaimed that suffering is beauty, for only in suffering is there thought.  They sang suffering in their songs.  I walked among them, wringing my hands, and wept over them, but I loved them perhaps still more than before, when there was as yet no suffering on their faces and they were innocent and so beautiful.  I loved their defiled earth still more than when it had been a paradise, only because grief had appeared on it.  Alas, I had always loved grief and sorrow, but only for myself, for myself, while over them I wept, pitying them.  I stretched out my arms to them, in despair accusing, cursing, and despising myself.  I told them that I, I alone, had done it all; that it was I who had brought them depravity, infection, and the lie!  I beseeched them to crucify me on a cross, I taught them how to make a cross.  I couldn’t, I hadn’t the strength to kill myself, but I wanted to take the suffering from them, I longed for suffering, I longed to shed my blood to the last drop in this suffering.  But they just laughed at me and in the end began to consider me some sort of holy fool.  They vindicated me, they said they had received only what they themselves had wanted, and that everything could not but be as it was.  Finally, they announced to me that I was becoming dangerous for them and that they would put me in a madhouse if I didn’t keep quiet.  Here sorrow entered my soul with such force that my heart was wrung, and I felt I was going to die, and here . . . well, here I woke up.

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This entry was posted in Dostoevsky, Fyodor, Fall of man, Fall of man, series of posts, Russian literature, Russian religious philosophy. Bookmark the permalink.

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